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Within the medieval tradition, Troilus was regarded as a paragon of the faithful courtly lover and also of the virtuous pagan knight.Once the custom of courtly love had faded, his fate was regarded less sympathetically. That there are two horses shown side by side can most clearly be seen by looking at their legs and tails.Ancient writers treated Troilus as the epitome of a dead child mourned by his parents.He was also regarded as a paragon of youthful male beauty.It is a common practice for those writing about the story of Troilus as it existed in ancient times to use both literary sources and artifacts to build up an understanding of what seems to have been the most standard form of the myth and its variants.The brutality of this standard form of the myth is highlighted by commentators such as Alan Sommerstein, an expert on ancient Greek drama, who describes it as "horrific" and "[p]erhaps the most vicious of all the actions traditionally attributed to Achilles." Troilus is an adolescent boy or ephebe, the son of Hecuba, queen of Troy.) is a legendary character associated with the story of the Trojan War.
His symbolic significance is evidenced by linguistic analysis of his Greek name "Troilos".
In Greek mythology, Troilus is a young Trojan prince, one of the sons of King Priam (or sometimes Apollo) and Hecuba.
Prophecies link Troilus' fate to that of Troy and so he is ambushed and murdered by Achilles.
Little attention was paid to the character during the 18th and 19th centuries. from the archaic period in Greece (750 BC – 480 BC).
However, Troilus has reappeared in 20th and 21st century retellings of the Trojan War by authors who have chosen elements from both the classical and medieval versions of his story. The story of Troilus is one of a number of incidents that helped provide structure to a narrative that extended over several decades and 77 books from the beginning of the Cypria to the end of the Telegony.In Western European medieval and Renaissance versions of the legend, Troilus is the youngest of Priam's five legitimate sons by Hecuba.